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Mountain pine (Pinus mugo)

Mountain pine (Pinus mugo)Mountain pine (Pinus mugo)

Also known as mountain pine, the tree, which grows to a height of about ten meters, can withstand extreme site conditions: long, snowy winters, strong winds and very dry, but also very moist soils. With their widely branching, shallow root system, mountain pines also hold their own in stony steep slopes, where they serve as important avalanche protection. Specimens near the tree line often belong to a particular subspecies: As a low-lying shrub-like growing "lodgepole pine" it sometimes grows only one meter high.

Origin and cultivation.

Mountain pines are at home in the mountain landscapes of central and southern Europe; they need a lot of light but few nutrients, and their heat requirements are also low. Near the tree line, they form impenetrable bushes with their stunted growth; up to altitudes of 2,700 meters, the mountain pine can withstand the extreme conditions. Below the mountain level, it usually grows where avalanches have gone down, but its frugality also comes into its own in high moors. In Germany, the mountain pine is protected, which is why it is cultivated - for example, in the Allgäu region around Sonthofen.


Mountain pine oil is extracted from the fresh needles, twig tips and branches of the mountain pine by steam distillation; up to 2.5 liters of essential oil are obtained from one ton of plant material. It is colorless to slightly yellowish and has a pleasant spicy-woody odor, which is often used by perfumers for masculine fragrance blends. The oil has an expectorant, circulatory and weak antiseptic effect. Certain ingredients have an anti-inflammatory effect similar to cortisone. In mountainous regions it is traditionally used as a component of Franzbranntwein.

Use of the mountain pine oil.

Mountain pine oilMountain pine oil
  • For coughs, colds and bronchitis, the expectorant and anti-inflammatory mountain pine oil brings relief, forms of application include inhalations, ointments, syrups, candies.
  • Externally applied mountain pine oil promotes blood circulation and is used for sore muscles, back and joint pain - the rubbed skin area immediately becomes warm. The circulation-promoting effect also supports the treatment of non-acute rheumatic diseases, for example in the form of bath oil or rheumatism ointments.
  • The variety of application forms also includes deodorants, soaps, sauna infusions and air fresheners to liqueurs, brandies and bitters.
This is what you should pay attention to when using mountain pine oil.

The essential oil of mountain pine is very effective - therefore it should not come into contact with the mouth and nose of small children. Adults with asthma, cardiovascular diseases or febrile infections should also discuss the use with their pharmacist or family doctor. This also applies to people with varicose veins who wish to use mountain pine bath additives.

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